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Lesson 20

Pioneer pilots

飞行员的先驱

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[00:01.39]
  • Lesson 20
  • [00:03.08]
  • Pioneer pilots
  • [00:11.38]
  • What was the name of the first plane to fly across the English Channel?
  • [00:18.23]
  • In 1908 Lord Northcliffe offered a prize of $1,000 to the first man who would fly across the English Channel.
  • [00:28.14]
  • Over a year passed before the first attempt was made.
  • [00:31.89]
  • On July 19th, 1909, in the early morning,
  • [00:37.10]
  • Hubert Latham took off from the French coast in his plane the 'Antoinette IV.'
  • [00:43.57]
  • He had travelled only seven miles across the Channel
  • [00:46.43]
  • when his engine failed and he was forced to land on the sea.
  • [00:50.87]
  • The 'Antoinette' floated on the water until Latham was picked up by a ship.
  • [00:56.54]
  • Two days later, Louis Bleriot arrived near Calais with a plane called 'No.XI'.
  • [01:03.68]
  • Bleriot had been making planes since 1905 and this was his latest model.
  • [01:10.59]
  • A week before, he had completed a successful overland flight during which he covered twenty-six miles.
  • [01:18.23]
  • Latham, however, did not give up easily.
  • [01:21.46]
  • He, too, arrived near Calais on the same day with a new 'Antoinette'.
  • [01:27.19]
  • It looked as if there would be an exciting race across the Channel.
  • [01:31.72]
  • Both planes were going to take off on July 25th,but Latham failed to get up early enough.
  • [01:39.23]
  • After making a short test flight at 4.15 a.m., Bleriot set off half an hour later.
  • [01:46.36]
  • His great flight lasted thirty-seven minutes.
  • [01:50.31]
  • When he landed near Dover, the first person to greet him was a local policeman.
  • [01:56.03]
  • Latham made another attempt a week later and got within half a mile of Dover,
  • [02:01.22]
  • but he was unlucky again.
  • [02:03.72]
  • His engine failed and he landed on the sea for the second time.
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