[00:02.95]A famous monastery
[00:11.37]What are the St.Bernard dogs used for?
[00:16.62]The Great St.Bernard Pass connects Switzerland to Italy.
[00:21.48]At 2,473 metres,it is the highest mountain pass in Europe.
[00:28.74]The famous monastery of St.Bernard,
[00:31.66]which was founded in the eleventh century,lies about a mile away.
[00:36.91]For hundreds of years,
[00:38.77]St.Bernard dogs have saved the lives of travellers crossing the dangerous Pass.
[00:44.93]These friendly dogs,which were first brought from Asia,
[00:49.05]were used as watchdogs even in Roman times.
[00:53.28]Now that a tunnel has been built through the mountains,the Pass is less dangerous,
[00:58.36]but each year,the dogs are still sent out into the snow whenever a traveller is in difficulty.
[01:06.05]Despite the new tunnel,
[01:07.88]there are still a few people who rashly attempt to cross the Pass on foot.
[01:14.04]During the summer months,the monastery is very busy,
[01:18.19]for it is visited by thousands of people who cross the Pass in cars.
[01:24.04]As there are so many people about,the dogs have to be kept in a special enclosure.
[01:30.19]In winter,however,life at the monastery is quite different.
[01:35.04]The temperature drops to -30 degrees,
[01:38.62]and very few people attempt to cross the Pass.
[01:42.63]The monks prefer winter to summer for they have more privacy.
[01:47.57]The dogs have greater freedom,too,
[01:50.33]for they are allowed to wander outside their enclosure.
[01:54.12]The only regular visitors to the monastery in winter are parties of skiers who go there at Christmas and Easter.
[02:02.68]These young people,
[02:04.20]who love the peace of the mountains,
[02:06.43]always receive a warm welcome at St.Bernard's monastery.