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Lesson 3

An unknown goddess

无名女神

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[00:01.26]
  • Lesson 3
  • [00:03.09]
  • An unknown goddess
  • [00:11.70]
  • How did the archaeologists know that the statue was a goddess?
  • [00:18.47]
  • Some time ago,
  • [00:19.68]
  • an interesting discovery was made by archaeologists on the Aegean island of Kea.
  • [00:26.10]
  • An American team explored a temple
  • [00:29.79]
  • which stands in an ancient city on the promontory of Ayia Irini.
  • [00:35.03]
  • The city at one time must have been prosperous,
  • [00:38.56]
  • for it enjoyed a high level of civilization.
  • [00:42.07]
  • Houses--often three storeys high--were built of stone.
  • [00:47.60]
  • They had large rooms with beautifully decorated walls.
  • [00:52.01]
  • The city was even equipped with a drainage system,
  • [00:55.42]
  • for a great many clay pipes were found beneath the narrow streets.
  • [01:00.83]
  • The temple which the archaeologists explored
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  • was used as a place of worship from the fifteenth century B.C. until Roman times.
  • [01:10.85]
  • In the most sacred room of the temple,
  • [01:13.34]
  • clay fragments of fifteen statues were found.
  • [01:17.74]
  • Each of these represented a goddess and had,at one time, been painted.
  • [01:24.68]
  • The body of one statue was found among remains dating from the 15th century B.C.
  • [01:31.76]
  • Its missing head happened to be among remains of the fifth century B.C.
  • [01:37.96]
  • This head must have been found in Classical times and carefully preserved.
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  • It was very old and precious even then.
  • [01:48.20]
  • When the archaeologists reconstructed the fragments,
  • [01:51.70]
  • they were amazed to find that the goddess turned out to be a very modern-looking woman.
  • [01:58.42]
  • She stood three feet high and her hands rested on her hips.
  • [02:03.29]
  • She was wearing a full-length skirt which swept the ground.
  • [02:07.93]
  • Despite her great age, she was very graceful indeed,
  • [02:12.27]
  • but,so far,the archaeologists have been unable to discover her identity.
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