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CNN10 2021-03-03

CNN 10

New Satellite Images Lead To New Hypotheses About North Korea's Nuclear Program; New Discovery In Pompeii Suggests The City Might Have Had A Limo Service. Aired 4-4:10a ET

Aired March 3, 2021 - 04:00:00 ET


CARL AZUZ, CNN 10 ANCHOR: Hi everyone. I'm Carl Azuz. New developments between old rivals highlight today's edition of CNN 10. Those rivals are North Korea and the United States. They fought on opposite sides of the Korean War in the early 1950s' and though that fighting stopped in 1953, the U.S. has remained an ally of South Korea and an enemy of North Korea.

Usually, when the U.S. has a new president like it does now, North Korea tries to test the American administration. It might launch a new missile into the sea. It might announce new developments in its nuclear weapons program. The communist Asian country sees that program as its right. The U.S. and several other members of the United Nations see that program as illegal.

They've put sanctions, penalties, on North Korea's economy to pressure it to give up its nuclear program. American presidential administrations have also spoken out against North Korea. They've tried to further isolate the communist country. They've tried direct diplomacy with it.

But so far nothing has stopped North Korea's nuclear program and now new satellite images show the country has been making moves around the facility that America believe is used to store nuclear weapons. Experts say it looks like a new building has appeared at the facility right at the spot where two underground tunnels lead to it. Researchers believe North Korea might be trying to hide its growing stockpile of weapons.

So how does this impact the U.S. government? It hasn't announced its policy on North Korea yet. Sources say the Biden Administration will do that when it's finished a review on what's going on with the communist country. But like his predecessors, President Joe Biden ultimately wants North Korea to give up its nuclear program.

He says that program is a serious threat to international peace and critics say that if the president doesn't announce his policy and strategies soon,

North Korea could start taking actions that make the situation more complicated and disarmament less likely. So there's some pressure on the U.S. government to address North Korea sooner rather than later.


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Isolated. Sanctioned and at war. North Korea is one of the world's few truly purious (ph) states. With it largely cut off from the internet and global trade has come a punishing cost for its people. But two things have made the secret states economic survival possible. Its efforts to be self-sustainable and the support of key allies.

North Korea's tumultuous relationship with most of its neighbors and the U.S. has seen it bear the brunt of a long list of international sanctions.

Some measures have aimed to cripple parts of the economy supporting the regime's nuclear missile program (inaudible) hundreds of millions of dollars from the country's annual income. Others have targeted regime officials for human rights violations but North Korea has (inaudible)

produce enough food and goods domestically to supply the country.

Looking at the relatively middle class lives on display in the showpiece capital Pyongyang, you might think that's been a success. But the capital is only home to around 3 million of the most privileged, most loyal citizens for the other 20 million plus North Koreans living outside this city, poverty is the most common way of life, especially in the countryside.

North Koreans often go without the basics like clean water, medicine and nutritious food. The country's economy is largely a (inaudible) and crop failures have led to mass food shortages and the need for UN emergency food aid. Internationally, North Korea's recent over (inaudible) for peace attracted attention but it has been the communist regimes more hidden relationships that have reaped benefits for the North Korean elite.

China has been North Korea's main trading partner. Coal, seafood and agricultural products have all flowed from North Korea while China has pumped Pyongyang with enough oil to fuel its industries. According to the U.S., Beijing's consistently poor enforcement of international sanctions have also provided an economic loophole for Pyongyang.

Meanwhile, a black market in Korean goods blossom thanks to the secretive nation's porous border with China with profits believed to go to the North Korean regime. In 2017 following a string of North Korean nuclear tests, Beijing finally cut off Pyongyang's access to its financial system.

Nevertheless, China remains a key intermediary between the (inaudible) kingdom and the outside world. Russia also maintains relatively close ties with North Korea. It's (inaudible) in their cold war alliance. Both Russia and China have helped shield North Korea at the UN Security Counsel repeatedly rebuffing U.S. attempts to impose harsher sanctions.

Both nations have also been home to North Korean companies and labor with some workers in Russia working in conditions that the U.S. State Department has described as slave like labor. In 2019, the U.S. believed North Korea has some 100,000 citizens working abroad mostly in Russia and China sending huge amounts of money back home.

Much of it right into the coffers of the (inaudible) family and until they were banned by (inaudible) UN sanctions in 2017, four labor contracts were a vital source of foreign currency for the North Korean regime. The Kim family has managed to keep a tight grip on power, 20 generations, putting the survival of the regime above all else including the North Korean people.


AZUZ: 10 Second Trivia. The ancient Roman god of fire and metalworking had what name? Juno, Defestis (ph), (inaudible) or Vulcan. (Inaudible), Roman's god of fire was Vulcan.

A lot of the Greco Roman city of Pompeii is still covered in debris. Almost 2,000 years after Mt. Vesuvius erupted and buried it. It's last breaths from the year 79 A.D. has been incredibly well preserved under a thick layer of ash and dirt. Today, archeologists continue to uncover the remains of the ancient city.

One of their latest finds is a type of chariot that's never been discovered in Italy before. It's a large four-wheeled chariot. It was made out of iron, bronze, tin and wood and some of the wood along with the imprint of ropes still remains. Not only is the thing remarkably intact, it somehow stayed that way despite the partial collapse of the porch it was housed in.

Researchers say they've found vehicles including chariots in Pompeii before but never one like this. A University of Massachusetts professor interviewed by National Public Radio described the find as a "Lamborghini" of the ancient world. The Archeological Park in Pompeii thinks it was used for ceremonial purposes like parades, festivals, maybe weddings. It's been moved to a laboratory to get cleaned up, restored and reconstructed.

Pizza and dessert is a very popular combo unless you're counting carbs or sticking to a, sort of, paleo-diet. And dessert pizzas are like two high calorie meals in one. They come in all kinds of combinations like chocolate chip cookie pizza, cinnamon roll pizza or peanut butter cup pizza. But a restaurant in the U.S. state of Iowa has stirred curiosity, compliments, controversy and criticism for a concoction with a cereal that dates back seven decades.


JEANNE MOOS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: It (inaudible) like any pizza but then things start to get a little lumpy.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: There's a fruity delight in every bite of this --

MOOS: (inaudible) when it's Froot Loops pizza. (inaudible) Pizza in Des Moines, Iowa bills it as a breakfast and dessert pizza.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The Froot Loops obviously bring the sweetness and the crunch.

MOOS: But others call it a crime against humanity, an abomination to pizza everywhere. That looks like something you'd see on a New York City sidewalk after the St. Patrick's Day Parade.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It seemed to really make some people angry.

MOOS: As an Italian, I am (inaudible) war on Iowa. (inaudible) Pizza actually dreamed up what they call "Loopy Froots" pizza six years ago.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We're all sitting at a table and somebody goes, well what about Froot Loops?

MOOS: (inaudible) now they're re-launching it using cream cheese, then the Froot Loops, sprinkled with a bit of mozzarella and a (inaudible) sauce made from yogurt and sweet condensed milk.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: (Inaudible) color, the taste, the aroma.

MOOS: (inaudible). The creators of Froot Loops pizza are basking in the attention. Froot Loops (inaudible) pepperoni but to it's makers --

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It's quite delicious.

MOOS: From (Inaudible).

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It was alright. It -- it definitely reminded me of like when you were a kid and you just put, like, random things together.

MOOS: I call it (inaudible) when a pizza topped (inaudible). (inaudible) get a large Loopy Froots pizza.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I ate about one slice of it. Yes. I gave it a good try.


AZUZ: Health nuts won't go "Grapenuts" for that but it is a "Golden Crisp" idea. Maybe another maker will add a little "Captain Crunch" to their pizza, thanking their "Lucky Charms" that "Trix" aren't just for kids.

Maybe "Count Chocula" himself will "Honey Comb" the aisles getting his "Kix" out of a recipe that "Smacks" of "Apple Jacks" and "Snap, Crackle,

Pops" with "Krispies". It's certainly food for thought. West Memphis, Arkansas is our last stop today. Want to give a shout out to the "Black Knights" or West Memphis Christian School. I'm Carl Azuz for CNN.