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CNN10 2020-10-28

CNN 10

History Of Voting In America; New Theories About Water On The Moon; Ways You Can Verify News You Read Online. Aired 4-4:10a ET

Aired October 28, 2020 - 04:00:00 聽 ET

THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.

CARL AZUZ, CNN 10 ANCHOR: Welcome back to CNN 10 on this Wednesday, October 28th. I'm Carl Azuz. Glad to have you spending 10 minutes of your day with us. With less than a week to go before the 2020 U.S. presidential election, voting in America past and present is the subject we're leading off with today.

When it was signed in 1787, the U.S. Constitution didn't lay out specifics on citizen voting. It left decisions about that up to the states but it also left the door open for Congress to make laws about voting. In practice, the right to go to the polls was originally limited to white men over age 21 and they were supposed to own land as well.

But in 1868, the 14th Amendment was ratified. It extended citizenship and voting rights to all men born in America as long as they were 21. And the 15th Amendment ratified in 1870 specifically protected the right of citizens to vote regardless of their race.

There was still discrimination at the polls like poll taxes and literacy tests that prevented many African Americans from voting. Meanwhile, the right of women to vote wasn't constitutionally protected until 1920. Before that, they could only go to the polls in certain states but the 19th Amendment guaranteed women's voting rights in all states.

Poll taxes were abolished by the ratification of the 24th Amendment in 1964 and the Voting Rights Act, a Federal law passed the next year abolished literacy tests. So this helped ensure Americans would have the right to vote regardless of their race, religion or level of education. But they still had to be at least 21 years old until 1971.

That's the year the 26th Amendment was passed and that's the amendment that protected the right of 18-year-olds to vote. Historically speaking, turnout by America's younger voters has been lower than it has been by older groups. But this year, there are indications that voters between 18 and 29 years old are casting significantly more ballots than they did in 2016 at least as far as early voting is concerned.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The University of Virginia Sophomore Libby Klinger (ph) is up early on a Saturday ready to roll.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: (Inaudible)

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Joining fellow campus Republicans to get out the vote.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: There is a lot of enthusiasm among young conservatives to vote. Especially in this critical year with everything that's been going on with the pandemic. We're out here canvassing today.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: They're the diehards but still say everyone they know is voting.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: People are really starting to recognize just all of the different chaos within the political climate right now. That voting is only the real say that we can have.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: UVA Democrats are driving people to the polls. Hunter Hess (ph) waited with (inaudible) for over an hour to cast an early vote.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We've been doing it a lot, especially with first year students who like don't know the voting process very well.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I don't know if I know anyone, like, any of us (inaudible) friends that haven't voted already.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: On the lawn, these students say voting is trendy.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Like, people on social media (inaudible) post (inaudible) ballot.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: So it's almost like, you feel a little pressure to vote.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Yes.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Young voters are a crucial part of the electorate and are already making up a large share of early voting across 14 key states compared to 2016. In Wisconsin, early voting among young people is up from where it was in 2016 and both parties are working it.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: We've seen an increase in the number of people asking questions about how to get registered to vote and trying to get registered to vote.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The share of the youth vote is almost double what it was this time four years ago in Florida.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Welcome to the FSU and (inaudible).

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: College students here and across the pandemic-stricken country largely organize virtually.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

AZUZ: 10 Second Trivia. How long does it take the moon to orbit Earth? One day, 27 hours, 27 days or one year. It takes just over 27 days for the moon to orbit the Earth. We can see it more often than that because of how fast the Earth rotates.

NASA says it's confirmed the presence of water on the sunlit surface of the moon but it's not like the lakes and rivers we see on Earth. Researchers have been making closer examinations of the moon's surface. Their tools include NASA's $580 million Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter and the $3 billion SOFIA Telescope which is mounted to a plane.

With the telescope, scientists examined the moon's surface through a wavelength that the naked eye might not be able to see. And NASA says that detected water that's trapped in glass beads or in between grains on certain parts of the moon.

It's not a lot. In one of the moon's largest craters, it's about as much as a 12-ounce bottle of water according to NASA. With the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, scientists looked at moon areas that are always shadowed from the sun and theorized that many of these shadows could be filled with ice. They don't know for sure.

And if there is water here, no one knows exactly how it got there but NASA wants to do more research through future moon missions. It's difficult and expensive to carry water into space. If the moon has enough of it, it could help supply everything from rocket fuel to drinking water for visitors.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

(END VIDEO CLIP)

AZUZ: American intelligence officials are warning that China, Iran and Russia are all planning to interfere with next week's presidential election if they haven't already. This might be done through cyber attacks, spreading misleading information, voter or ballot fraud. All three of these countries have denied meddling in the election.

But with so much information out there, CNN 10 recently put together a special edition called checking your sources, which can help you identify misinformation or fake news online. It's available right now at CNN10.com. Meanwhile, our friends at CNN Business have some more tips to help you ensure that what you're reading is the truth.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Let's say you're scrolling through Facebook and oh look, another shocking headline. So shocking that it must be false but this time it kind of looks true. You're not alone if you have this dilemma. Here's how to spot fake or misleading information online.

For posts that link to a Web site, first check what the website's domain is, .edu and .gov are generally considered to be trustworthy. When it comes to news articles, check what news outlet the information is coming from. Is it from a well-known and trustworthy source?

If you're skeptical, the easiest thing to do is search for the same story elsewhere. If other reputable outlets have covered it, the story is more reliable. Oh, please don't forget. The "Onion" is satire. When vetting posts, it's also important to check the dates that the article or tweet was first published.

Headlines can sometimes appear to be relevant but the actual story or tweet is outdated or out of context and therefore misleading. For posts by individual users, look to see if that user has a blue checkmark next to their name.

The checkmark means that Facebook and Twitter have verified the account is run by a real person or organization that matches the username. Verify checkmarks shouldn't be your sole indication that the information is accurate. It's important to combine all these steps together to be able to make the best judgment.

And lastly, if you're unsure about information you see on your social media at the very least don't repost it. Sharing information that you can't confirm is true will only make you part of the problem.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

AZUZ: Any game involving an excavator is going to be done on a big scale. To celebrate its 95th year in business, the Caterpillar Construction Equipment Company built a giant Pac-Man game board. The goals, to show off the machinery and the industry to future workers.

After it was built, customers, gamers and operators were allowed to remotely control Pac-Man and the ghosts through skid steer loaders. It took 70 man hours to dig out the maze.

But what an "amazeing" "midway" to show off. We don't know who had the "Genysis" of the idea but "Nintendon't" knock it 'till you've tried it. Why be "Atareasonable" when you have the "Calicovision" that "Segi" your funds into fun and games. I'm Carl Azuz and tomorrow we'll be "back-man".

I want to give a shout out to our friends at Glenwood High School. It's great to have you watching from Bowling Green, Kentucky and thank you for your comment at YouTube.com/CNN.

END