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CNN 10 - September 26, 2018

CNN 10

United Nations General Assembly Meeting in New York; Aftermath of Hurricane Florence is Flooding Georgetown County in South Carolina; Levi Hutchins Inventor of the Alarm Clock; People In Britain were Paid to be Alarm Clocks; Space net Being tested to Net Space Debris

Aired September 26, 2018 - 04:00:00 ET


CARL AZUZ, CNN 10 ANCHOR: With the United Nations General Assembly in session, some of the world`s most prominent leaders taking what`s been called the world`s biggest stage. We`re starting today`s show at the U.N. Headquarters in New York. I`m Carl Azuz. Welcoming our viewers worldwide to CNN 10. The U.N. General Assembly is where leaders and delegates from all 193 U.N. members can address the planet. Some of Tuesday`s speakers included the leaders of Brazil, Turkey, Mexico, France, Egypt, Nigeria and Japan. U.S. President Donald Trump took the stage yesterday giving a speech that covered a range of issues and mentioned a number of other countries. One central theme of his remarks reflected his America First Policy.


PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP: I honor the right of every nation in this room to pursue it`s own customs, beliefs and traditions. The United States will not tell you how to live or work or worship. We only ask that you honor our sovereignty in return. America is governed by Americans. We reject the ideology of globalism and we embrace the doctrine of patriotism.


CARL AZUZ: President Trump also discussed subjects like immigration, international trade, the civil war in Syria and tensions between the United States and Iran.


PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP: The corrupt dictatorship in Iran. Iran`s leaders sow chaos, death and destruction. They do not respect their neighbors or borders or the sovereign rights of nations. Instead, Iran`s leaders plunder the nation`s resources to enrich themselves and to spread mayhem across the Middle East and far beyond.


CARL AZUZ: The Trump Administration announced earlier this year that the U.S. would pull out of an International Nuclear Deal with Iran that was made during the Obama Administration. That was something discussed yesterday by President Trump and Iranian President Hassan Rouhani. When it was his turn to speak he didn`t mention President Trump by name but he did target the U.S. leaders policies regarding both America and Iran.


PRESIDENT HASSAN ROUHANI (THROUGH TRANSLATOR): The message of our presence here is that the preservation of interest and security in the world in the least costly manner is solely possible through the cooperation of and coordination among countries. However, it is unfortunate that we are witnessing rulers in the world who think they can secure their interests better. Or at least in the short term ride public sentiment and gain popular support through the fomenting of extremists, nationalism and racism.


CARL AZUZ: Of course many other topics came up yesterday at the United Nations. The leaders of 36 countries were scheduled to speak yesterday and that`s just a fraction of the more than 150 speakers taking the stage this week alone.

10 Second Trivia. What U.S. state is nicknamed for the Sable Palmetto tree? It`s official state tree. Florida, Georgia, South Carolina or Washington. What`s known as the iodine state for the high levels of iodine found in it`s produce, South Carolina eventually became the Palmetto State.

Almost two weeks after Hurricane Florence made landfall in the U.S. state of North Carolina the storms worst effects for part of neighboring South Carolina could still be ahead. Florence lashed both states with wind and rain when it arrived as a Category 1 hurricane. It has killed at least 47 people in the region and the water the storm brought is still making it`s way from the sources of the effective rivers to the communities they run through. This brings us to Georgetown County. It`s on South Carolina`s Atlantic coast between the cities of Charleston and Myrtle Beach.

Georgetown County is in a vulnerable spot as far as rivers are concerned.

Several of them converge there. And two of these rivers the Great Pee Dee River and the Waccamaw River have already swollen to record levels upstream of Georgetown County. So all that water is now traveling downstream toward a community of more than 61,000 people and a large portion of it could soon find itself underwater. Schools have been closed. Shelters have been opened. Forecasters expect at least 10 feet of flooding here. The effected rivers may not reach their highest points until Thursday morning and a Georgetown County official says if the flooding is as bad as forecaster`s predict, there will be nothing to compare it to.

Not even Hurricane Matthew, which flooded the area last year. Workers from South Carolina`s Department of Transportation, the National Guard, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, they`re all in Georgetown County doing what they can to protect it. CNN`s Nick Valencia`s also there to give us a sense of what`s being done and what`s expected to happen.


NICK VALENCIA, CNN CORRESPONDENT: If it feels like we`re talking about this all over again, it`s because we are and here in Georgetown it is the end of the road as the mayor put it. A confluence of five rivers is putting this community at threat for major flooding. That`s why they`re doing unprecedented things to prepare for that. The South Carolina Department of Transportation has put up these aqua dams which are water filled barriers because they say worst case scenario, this community may not only just be cut off by river access from the Waccamaw but also by land access.

This is what authorities are telling local residents as well. They`re preparing 8,000 homes to evacuate. So far no mandatory evacuations but the worst is yet to come according to officials here. They predict that the flooding, major flooding at that will hit this community sometime Wednesday night into Thursday morning.


CARL AZUZ: Even if you`re a historian, you`re probably more familiar with Levi Strauss than with Levi Hutchins. The second name we mentioned belongs to a man credited with inventing the first American mechanical alarm clock. That was in 1787. He didn`t mass produce or patent it though. The alarm clock didn`t get that kind of treatment until the mid-1800`s and of course the wake-up call didn`t come until after that. So this history rouses two questions, who woke people before then? And who woke the wakers who did the waking?


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Before this and this and this and this. Ah, that sound. People in Britain and Ireland woke up like this. That`s right being an alarm clock used to be a job and they were called "knocker uppers". We`re traveling back in time to this one so let`s get a historian in here.


RICHARD JONES, AUTHOR: Sorry I`m late the "knocker upper" didn`t call.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Good one Richard.

JONES: My name`s Richard Jones and I`m an author on the history of London.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: OK. Let`s see if we got this right. From the early 1800`s to the 1960`s, waking people up was a paid job?


UNIDENTIFIED MALE: And this was done with a bamboo pole?

JONES: Oh yes. Most certainly. This is the age where people started work in factories. They`ve got to be up early for their shift. And of course, most people are on minimum wages. They haven`t got alarm clocks in the house. Consequently, there`s no one to wake them up. So that`s where the "knocker upper" came in.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: See, in big industrial cities like London, Birmingham and Manchester "knocker uppers" used poles to reach the windows. And these poles had a hook or knob at the end which make them pretty effective.

JONES: You could sort of scratch that panel and it was like nails being done on a blackboard. Wakey, Wakey.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Other "knocker uppers" mostly women used pea shooters to aim at the windows, or not. But why not just shout? Wake up. Wake up.

Shhh. Well you have to keep the neighbors in mind.

JONES: The evidence suggests that the "knocker upper" just didn`t go to bed. Sometimes a "knocker upper" might achieve himself to be able to wake up at 3 am.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Ah, mystery solved. Yay.


CARL AZUZ: Space net, might sound like a 90`s animated comedy or an ultra hold hairspray. But no, we need a net that could be used to help clean up space. We`ve talked about the millions of pieces of debris orbiting the Earth. Manmade objects including everything from used rocket stages and satellite parts to tiny flecks of paint. The Space net is part of a $18.7 million European mission to remove junk from space. In a recent demonstration, scientists released a small cube into orbit then they deployed the space net to capture it and they say it looks like it worked.

The hope is that this net can eventually be used to clean up junk from low Earth orbit. The downside, the cube wrapped in the net for at least a few months is now another object whirling over the Earth. Which some would say is "ironic". Guess it`s easy to see the "net" benefit though and a lot of folks hope the net "proceeds. But what`s the "net" step, will this "net" enough attention to be the "net" best thing. Maybe. Maybe "net". Maybe all we need to clean up orbit is a vacuum. There`s certainly plenty of space. I`m Carl Azuz and that`s CNN.